Hard Truths and High Hopes: Is Biology a Hard Major?

Biology is often perceived as a challenging college major due to the depth and breadth of material covered in courses. However, while biology classes do dive deeper into topics and progress at a faster pace than high school, the subject matter itself is highly accessible for students with an interest in the field. The difficulty of a biology major ultimately depends on the individual student and their study habits.

Many introductory biology courses do not require specific prior knowledge, making biology an open major for dedicated students. Concepts in biology build on each other, so junior and senior-level courses expand on principles learned in early classes. This progressive structure means upper-level biology courses are more difficult than entry-level ones. Certain concepts, like those in chemistry and physics, can also be hard to comprehend at first. But with consistent studying, even complex ideas become clearer over time.

The perception of biology as a challenging major mainly stems from the fast-paced coursework, not the content itself. While studying does require a significant time investment, many biology majors still have active social lives and extracurricular interests. Overall, biology is an accessible major for students passionate about the subject. With hard work and good study habits, the challenges posed by advancement to higher-level material can be overcome. In the end, biology is a highly rewarding field providing insight into the living world around us.

What Makes Biology a Tough Major

There are several key reasons biology is widely viewed as such a demanding major:

  • Large course loads – Biology programs usually require students to take a high number of credit hours to graduate. Between biology-focused courses, lab sections, and required classes in chemistry, physics, calculus, and statistics, biology majors spend a lot of time in class and completing required assignments. This heavy workload can be difficult to manage.
  • Memorization – Biology involves learning and memorizing many different terms, systems, processes, and more. Human anatomy alone requires memorizing many bones, muscles, organs, etc. The sheer amount of information biology students must internalize and recall can be overwhelming. Strong study and memorization skills are essential.
  • Advanced math requirements – To succeed in upper-level biology courses, students need to build a strong foundation in math and related sciences first. Courses like calculus, physics, organic chemistry, biochemistry, and statistics are mandatory and very challenging for some students.
  • Complex labs – Most biology programs require lab sections that complement science courses. These lab experiments and activities require applying classroom concepts in real-world scenarios. Labs can involve complex procedures, detailed write-ups, and more time commitments outside of lectures.
  • Research projects – Many undergraduate biology programs require students to conduct original research projects under professor supervision. These projects require significant time and work. Students must dedicate long hours in the lab, learn research techniques, analyze data, and present their findings.
  • Competition – Some biology programs can be highly competitive, especially if many students are pursuing similar pre-med or graduate school tracks after graduation. Standing out in such a competitive environment presents additional challenges.
  • Fast pace – College science courses move at a much faster pace than high school classes. Biology classes can quickly jump into new, unfamiliar concepts that build on each other over weeks. Keeping up with lectures and assignments on a weekly basis is key.

Strategies for Succeeding in Biology Courses

While biology is undoubtedly one of the more difficult majors, there are several techniques students can use to overcome the challenges:

  • Take effective notes – Focus on taking clear, organized notes during biology lectures to refer back to later when studying. Review notes regularly.
  • Study actively – Use practice questions, flashcards, self-quizzes, mnemonic devices, and other active studying techniques to learn biology concepts. Passively reading textbooks is less effective.
  • Form study groups – Studying with other motivated students can help you stay engaged in course material. You can motivate and teach each other.
  • Use office hours – Don’t hesitate to visit professor and TA office hours with questions on concepts or assignments. Get help early before you fall behind.
  • Stay organized – Use planners, calendars, and to-do lists to manage your time wisely around exams, projects, and deadlines. Disorganization adds more stress.
  • Find a mentor – Having an experienced biology professor or upperclassman mentor provides invaluable guidance on managing coursework, research, labs, and more.
  • Allow plenty of study time – Be ready to dedicate significant time to studying biology each week. Set aside blocks of uninterrupted focus time.

With commitment and perseverance, biology majors can master difficult concepts and succeed in classes. Don’t be afraid to ask for help when needed.

Potential Careers with a Biology Degree

Despite its challenges, biology remains a popular major due to the many potential careers it prepares students for, including:

  • MedicineBecoming a physician requires extensive biology coursework as a pre-med student. Biology provides a strong scientific foundation for medical school.
  • Research – Biology research scientists work for universities, government agencies, private companies, and nonprofits. A PhD is usually required.
  • Health services – Nurses, pharmacists, physical therapists, and other health professionals take biology courses to enter masters or doctorate programs.
  • Laboratory careers – Biology graduates are qualified for lab technician/technologist roles in medical, pharmaceutical, or research settings.
  • Teaching – High school biology teachers need at least a bachelor’s degree in biology education. Community college instructors may need a master’s.
  • Environmental science – Ecology-focused biology students can pursue careers in environmental consulting, regulation, conservation, and more.
  • Forensics – Crime lab analysts, investigators, and coroners apply biology, genetics, and toxicology knowledge to legal cases.
  • Biotechnology – Biotech companies research medical advances, agriculture, pharmaceuticals, and industrial processes using biology techniques.
  • Government – Local, state, and federal agencies hire biologists for conservation, public health, agriculture, and other departments.
  • Science writing – Strong biology knowledge is useful as a science journalist, textbook editor, or science media producer.

Tips for Deciding if Biology is Right for You

If you’re a high school student considering pursuing biology in college, here are some tips:

  • Take advanced placement or honors biology, chemistry, physics, and math courses if possible to experience college-level material.
  • Talk to your biology teachers and school college counselor about whether biology seems like a good fit based on your academic strengths/weaknesses and interests.
  • Reach out to admissions offices of colleges you’re interested in applying to and ask to speak to biology professors or department heads about the program specifics.
  • Contact current biology majors at your target schools through social media or mutual connections to learn about their personal experiences with coursework, research, internships, etc.
  • Compare the typical course loads, assignments, contact hours, and lecture vs lab breakdowns between biology and other majors you’re considering.
  • Reflect on your career goals and interests and whether a biology degree will support them. Research the educational requirements for careers you may want to pursue.
  • Be honest about your study skills and habits. Biology will require developing strong discipline around studying, managing your time, taking notes, etc.

Why Study Biology Anyway?

After considering the many challenges biology majors face, you may ask yourself – why bother majoring in biology at all? There are several compelling reasons:

Gain a Deeper Understanding of Life

Biology provides a window into the living world around us. Students explore natural phenomena down to the cellular level. You gain insight into how plants, animals, humans, and the environment function and interact through evolution.

Develop Critical Thinking Skills

Studying biology builds valuable critical thinking, analytic, and problem-solving skills. You learn how to develop hypotheses, design experiments, collect data, interpret results, and draw conclusions. These skills are useful in many fields.

Hands-on Research Opportunities

As a biology major, you can collaborate directly with professors on original research in their laboratories. This first-hand research experience helps if you intend to pursue graduate studies.

Potential for High Earning Careers

The problem-solving, research, data analysis, and scientific communication skills biology majors gain are highly valued. Graduates are prepared for lucrative roles in healthcare, biotech, engineering, academia, and more.

Preparation for Advanced Degrees

The curriculum provides excellent preparation for medical, dental, pharmacy, veterinary, and related graduate programs. A biology degree also builds a strong foundation for Masters and PhD programs.

Study a Subject You Enjoy

Most importantly, successfully completing a biology degree requires a true passion and enthusiasm for the content itself. Major in biology if you find the subject genuinely interesting and exciting.


Biology– Broad understanding of living organisms
– Prepares for health careers
– Lab research opportunities
– Develop critical thinking skills
– Heavy course load
– Lots of memorization
– Math/physics/chemistry prerequisites
– Competitive programs
Biochemistry– Understanding of chemical processes in biology
– Lab research experience
– Prepares for medical or graduate school
– Lucrative careers
– Math, physics, and chemistry intensive
– Memorization of pathways/processes
– Less organismal biology focus
Biomedical Engineering– High paying engineering field
– Design medical devices/equipment
– Improving healthcare with technology
– Taking engineering and biology classes
– Challenging coursework
– Competitive medical school applicants
– Both engineering and bio/chem classes
– Less flexible curriculum
Neuroscience– Study the brain and nervous system
– Growing research field
– Lab research opportunities
– Interdisciplinary approach
– Chemistry, biology, and psychology classes
– Data analysis and statistics courses
– Memorization intensive
– Graduate studies usually required
Genetics– Study DNA, genes, heredity
– Growing field with many applications
– Research genetics of diseases
– Lab techniques and analysis
– Data analysis and statistics courses
– Biochemistry and organic chemistry
– Memorizing many processes
– Can be narrow focus
Ecology– Study relationships between organisms and environments
– Field research opportunities
– Help conserve and manage ecosystems
– Field sites not always accessible
– Statistical data analysis
– Government funding constraints
– Fewer lab skill classes

Frequently Asked Questions

Is biology a hard major?

Biology is generally considered one of the more challenging undergraduate majors. It requires learning a large volume of information, and mastering complex concepts in chemistry, physics, mathematics, and biology itself. Managing heavy course loads and labs also adds difficulty. Ultimately, how hard biology is depends on the individual student’s skills and study habits. It requires hard work, but is very rewarding.

What is the hardest part about majoring in biology?

Most students find keeping up with the sheer amount of material covered in classes to be the hardest part of a biology major. Learning and recalling many processes, systems, and terms through consistent, active studying and repetition is key. The advanced math prerequisites like calculus and physics are also very difficult for some.

Do you need to be good at math to be a biology major?

Math competence is definitely important for success as a biology major. You’ll need to take calculus, statistics, and physics, and apply mathematical concepts to biological systems. Aptitude for critical thinking and problem solving is also crucial for mastering complex biology topics.

How many hours per week do biology majors study?

On average, biology majors spend 19-20 hours per week studying. However, the exact number of study hours needed varies by the individual and courses taken each semester. Expect to dedicate focused studying time most days to review material, do practice problems, memorize information, etc.

What classes do biology majors take?

Typical classes include cell biology, biochemistry, organic chemistry, genetics, microbiology, anatomy, ecology, molecular biology, physiology, calculus, physics, and statistics. Biology-focused electives, lab sections, and a capstone research project are also usually required.

Is biology easier or harder than chemistry?

For most students, chemistry and biology pose comparable challenges. General chemistry may be more difficult initially before developing a foundation. However, organic chemistry and biochemistry are intensive for both majors. Both require strong study skills. One is not necessarily harder overall.

Is it worth majoring in biology?

If you are deeply interested in the biological sciences, yes. Biology allows you to gain in-depth knowledge of the living world and provides excellent preparation for advanced science and medical degrees. The critical thinking skills gained are also broadly applicable. Make sure you are passionate about biology itself.

What jobs can you get with a biology degree?

A biology degree equips students for careers in healthcare, biotechnology, research, education, environmental science, and more. You can also pursue graduate/professional programs in medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, veterinary studies, and research with a biology undergraduate degree.


Biology is certainly not an easy road. The coursework is demanding, and you must be committed to learning a vast amount of information. However, don’t let the challenges deter you if you find biology fundamentally intriguing. With hard work, good study habits, time management skills, and passion for the subject, it is possible to thrive as a biology major and beyond. Use all the academic resources available, build relationships with professors, and stay focused on your interests. A biology degree unlocks doors to diverse, rewarding careers and a greater understanding of the living world around you.

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