C vs C++: Which Programming Language Should You Learn for Degree Programs?

In today’s digital age, having basic knowledge and understanding of coding and programming has become a crucial skill for anyone interested in pursuing a career in technology or other related fields. With countless programming languages to choose from, it can be overwhelming for beginners to know where to start. In this post, we will be discussing one of the most popular programming languages of all time – HTML. HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is the foundation of any website or web application and is an essential skill to learn for anyone interested in web development. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the basics of HTML, its importance in web development, and how to get started with coding in HTML. Whether you’re a complete novice or an experienced programmer looking to expand your skill set, this article will guide you through the fundamentals of HTML and help you get started on your coding journey.

Understanding C Programming Language

C is a high-level programming language developed in the 1970s by Dennis Ritchie at Bell Labs. It is a general-purpose language that finds wide applications in various fields like system programming, embedded systems, and various other applications. C is a compiled language which means that the source code is compiled into machine code – a language that the computer can understand. It is a flexible language that is easy to read, write and understand. C is the predecessor of many popular programming languages like C++, Java, and Python.

C’s syntax is simple and easy to understand. It uses a combination of keywords, variables, and operators to perform mathematical or logical operations. C supports four fundamental data types, including integers, floating-point numbers, characters, and Boolean values.

One of the main advantages of C is its efficiency in memory management. C uses pointers which enables programmers to have direct access to the computer’s memory. This feature allows programmers tight control over system resources. C’s performance is high, and it remains one of the fastest programming languages available, making it an ideal choice for system programming and other performance-sensitive applications.

C can be a beneficial language for students to learn. It may seem challenging at first, but with practice, it can become a versatile tool to jump-start a career in programming. C is a stepping stone for many other popular languages and learning C can make it easier to learn other programming languages in the future.

Understanding C++ Programming Language

C++ is a powerful, high-level programming language that was developed in 1983 by Bjarne Stroustrup. C++ combines the features of both high-level and low-level programming languages. It is an object-oriented language that supports various programming paradigms such as procedural, functional, and generic programming.

C++ syntax is similar to C, but with additional features such as classes, objects, and inheritance. It also includes new data types like references, classes, and templates. The language has been continuously updated with new features over the years to improve performance and functionality. As a compiled language, C++ has the advantage of being fast and efficient. It can be used for system programming, game development, as well as web and mobile applications development.

C++’s object-oriented programming approach is one of its most significant advantages. It allows programmers to create reusable code that can be used in multiple applications, thereby saving time and reducing development costs. C++ also supports polymorphism and encapsulation, which further enhances its capabilities. Memory management is a crucial feature of C++, allowing programmers to directly control and allocate system resources using pointers.

C++ is a popular language choice for computer science students and professionals. It provides a comprehensive foundation in programming and is often taught as a fundamental language in degree programs. Additionally, it is an excellent choice for anyone interested in pursuing a career in game development, system programming, or scientific computing. While it may seem challenging, with dedication and practice, anyone can learn C++ and benefit from its versatility and power.

Differences between C and C++ Programming Language

C and C++ may seem similar but are two distinct programming languages with many differences. C is a procedural language, while C++ is a combination of procedural and object-oriented programming languages.

Language Structure: C has a simple structure and lacks many of the features found in other programming languages. On the other hand, C++ is more comprehensive, with additional features such as classes, objects, inheritance, and polymorphism.

Object-oriented programming: Object-oriented programming (OOP) is a programming paradigm that focuses on objects and their interactions. C does not support OOP since it is a procedural language, while C++ is an object-oriented language that supports OOP and treats everything as an object.

Features and Applications: C is suitable for system programming and low-level operations, while C++ is more versatile, allowing for high-performance applications, game development, and other object-oriented applications.

Functions and Libraries: C functions are often in the form of libraries that can be called from other programs. C++ functions can be implemented as methods of classes, providing an efficient and easy-to- use approach to program development.

Memory Management: C requires manual memory management using pointers, while C++ supports automatic memory management through the use of objects created using the new operator. This feature reduces programming errors, run-time errors, and makes coding less tedious.

In summary, while C and C++ share some similarities in syntax, they are different programming languages with different capabilities and applications. As such, students and programmers need to understand these differences to determine which language is best suited for the task at hand.

Tips for Choosing Between C and C++ Programming Language

Choosing between C and C++ can be a daunting task if you are new to programming. Both languages are widely used in various fields, so it is essential to choose the right language for the job. Here are some tips to help you decide which language to choose:

  • Project or Task Requirements: Consider the specific project or task requirements. If your project requires low-level access to system resources like memory, then C is the best choice. If you are developing an object-oriented program, then C++ is the way to go.
  • Personal Preferences and Skills: Consider your personal preferences and programming skills. If you are proficient in C, it may be easier for you to learn C++ as it builds on many C concepts.
  • Availability of Libraries and Resources: Consider the availability of libraries and resources since programming is all about solving problems. If you have access to a library or resource that is better suited for C, then consider using it.
  • Consult with Professors or Professionals: Consult with professors, professionals, or someone with experience in programming. Experienced programmers can provide insights and advice that can help you make an informed decision.

By considering the above factors, you can make an informed decision about which language to choose. Ultimately it is essential to choose a language you feel comfortable with and fits project requirements to build efficient and maintainable applications.

Alternatives to C and C++ Programming Language

C and C++ are two of the most popular programming languages used today. However, if C and C++ don’t seem like the right choices for your programming endeavor, there are alternatives worth considering:

  • Python: Python is a high-level, multipurpose programming language that is easy to learn and use. It has a syntax similar to natural language and is highly expressive. Python is an excellent choice for data science, as it has many libraries for data analysis and visualization.
  • Java: Java is a popular programming language used to build enterprise-level applications, mobile applications, and web applications. It is an object-oriented language, like C++, and has advanced features that ensure code confidentiality and security.
  • JavaScript: JavaScript is a scripting language that is mainly used to add interactive effects to web pages. It has become increasingly popular due to its capabilities, including asynchronous programming and responsive design.
  • Swift: Swift is a general-purpose, compiled programming language developed by Apple. It is designed to be safe, fast, and interactive and is used mainly for app development in Apple’s ecosystem.

There are many other programming languages available, each with its unique features. The choice of programming language ultimately depends on the project’s requirements, personal preferences, and your coding background.

Additionally, if you’re interested in astrophysics vs. astronomy, check out this article on the differences between the two: https://robertvirona.com/astrophysics-vs-astronomy/.

Interesting facts

  • Both C and C++ were developed by the same person, Bjarne Stroustrup.
  • C is the oldest programming language, originally developed in the early 1970s.
  • C++ is an extension of C, adding object-oriented programming features.
  • While C is popular in system programming and game development, C++ is widely used in software development for a variety of applications.
  • The decision to study C or C++ may be similar to choosing between Biomedical Science or Nursing. For more information on the differences between the two degree programs, check out this link.


What is C programming language?

C is a general-purpose and procedural programming language. It is the oldest programming language, developed in the early 1970s.

What is C++ programming language?

C++ is an extension of C that adds object-oriented programming features. It was also developed by Bjarne Stroustrup, the same person who created C.

What are the differences between C and C++?

C++ is an extension of C, adding object-oriented programming features. C++ also has more built-in libraries and functionalities, making it more suitable for complex projects.

Which programming language is more popular, C or C++?

It depends on the application. C is more popular in system programming and game development, while C++ is widely used in software development for a variety of applications.

Can I use C and C++ interchangeably?

No, they are different programming languages with different features and syntax. It is important to understand their differences before deciding which one to use for a specific project.

Which language is easier to learn, C or C++?

Learning either language requires effort and practice. C is simpler in terms of syntax, while C++ has more complex features due to its object-oriented programming nature.

Are there alternatives to C and C++?

Yes, there are a variety of programming languages available, each with their own advantages and disadvantages. Some popular alternatives include Java, Python, and Ruby.

What factors should I consider when choosing between C and C++?

It depends on the project or task requirements. Consider factors such as project complexity, resources available, and personal preferences and skills when making a decision.

Should I learn C or C++ first?

It depends on your goals and the project requirements. Some believe it’s better to start with C and then move on to C++, while others suggest starting with C++ directly.

How can I learn C and C++ programming languages?

There are many resources available for learning C and C++, including online courses, tutorials, and textbooks. It’s best to choose a method that suits your learning style and pace.

Real experience

Jane was a computer science student who was passionate about programming but quite confused about which language to specialize in. She had heard a lot about C and C++ but couldn’t quite make up her mind which one to pick.

She had never been one to shy away from a challenge, so she decided to take on both languages and see which one she was drawn to. She started with C, fascinated by its simplicity and elegance. She was soon hooked by the power and efficiency it brought to her programming. But deep down, she couldn’t help but wonder whether there was something more to programming languages.

That’s when she discovered the world of C++. She appreciated the familiarity and compactness of C, but adding OOP and library support to its functions and syntax set, suddenly made her programming more effective.

She began to see that C++ was like C’s smarter, more powerful sibling. With C++, she felt that she had discovered something remarkable, and soon, it became her go-to GUI-based programming language. It opened up a whole new world of programming possibilities for her.

Years later, after obtaining her degree and working in the tech industry for some time, Jane realized that choosing C++ instead of C was the right decision for her. She had always loved a good challenge, and C++ had certainly been one, but the rewards it brought to her with its advances and syntax sets only had made her knowledge and experience richer. Thanks to her willingness to take a risk, Jane had been able to become an expert in C++ programming, with an extensive knowledge of object-oriented programming languages under her belt.


In conclusion, C and C++ are two powerful programming languages with different applications and capabilities. C is ideal for low-level programming, while C++ is well-suited for object-oriented programming. However, there are many other programming languages to choose from, each with its capabilities and features.

When choosing a language, consider the project requirements, personal preferences, and programming proficiency. Other popular programming languages to consider include Python, Java, JavaScript, and Swift. For a more detailed comparison between Java and Python, check out this article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_programming_languages.

Ultimately, the most important thing is to choose a language that fits your requirements, and that you feel comfortable using. With practice and perseverance, you can become proficient in any programming language and build efficient and effective programs.

Leave a Comment